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What Are the Popular Threat Modeling Techniques?

There’s a saying that goes back to the beginning of time -“An ounce of preventive will be more than a kilogram cure.

This is more evident than in the field of cybersecurity. Reactive, passive cyber defenses have been struggling for years in keeping up with constantly changing cybercrime marketplace. However, in recent years they’ve started to stray from the edge of being obsolete.

The world of virtual crime is now raking more money than other nations, with profits from criminals expected to exceed $10.5 trillion in 2025. Criminal organizations, however are getting more sophisticated. In addition, considering that each attack is a new one every 39 seconds and the need for proactive and preventative measures is clearIt’s time for businesses to shift in the direction of cyber security to be more resilient.

Threat modeling is a key component of this transformation.

What exactly is threat Modeling?

Threat modeling is exactly what it’s sounded like. It’s an advancedand structured method of dealing with cyber threats that maps out possible threats. The threat modeling battle examines your organization’s security structures and systems and allows you to discover flaws and deficiencies before an attacker can attack them.

Threat modeling typically has its origins in the lifecycle of software development and is used to identify design decisions or development practices that can result in risk over the long term. In the present however, its function extends far beyond the scope of. It is a part of the comprehensive risk management plan threat modeling is a way to evaluate each particular system by determining the most important individual risk before it could create harm for the company.

If it’s beginning to sound like threat models have many similarities with an assessment of business impact this isn’t a coincidence. Both use threat models in its analysis process. It’s just natural that there would be a lot of overlap between these two.

What is the purpose in Threat Modeling?

As stated by Carnegie Mellon University, at the highest level, every threat modeling technique includes the following elements:

A illustration that represents the structure.
The motives, goals strategies, tactics, and motivations of threat actors.
A complete list of potential risks, threats and weaknesses.

Frameworks for modeling threats also assist you understand the risks that are identified by defining the ways in which they could be exploited. They give you the possibility of preparing mitigation strategies should your system is attacked. Additionally they can be utilized to control IT investments and guide the development of cybersecurity measures that are new.

Given the many similarities, how does one pick the best framework?

Be aware of your security and comply with the security and.
Assess your company’s risk profile.
Consider the way your applications and systems are constructed, including the architecture and access controls, programming language and more.
Establish the business goals of each department within your business.
Take a look at the sector and industry that your company operates in.

The selection of a framework is contingent on your particular security, business requirements and demands. While there’s not a universal, one-size-fits-all threat framework There are five approaches that are more commonly used than other. There’s a high chance the one you choose approaches will prove to be an ideal good fit for your businessand there’s no reason to not apply several models at the same time.

What are the most popular threat Methods of Modeling?


The framework was developed in 1999 by Microsoft around 1999. the Spoofing Tampering Repudiation Information Message Disclosure DDoS and Elevation Privilege (STRIDE) has been focused on the development and design. It is the most advanced threat modeling framework available on the markettoday, STRIDE changed significantly in the past to keep up with the rapid development of new kinds of threats.


PASTA which stands for Process for Attack Simulation and Threat Analysis It is an eight-step procedure through which an organization can assess the system from the perspective of an attacker. It combines this method with an exhaustive risk assessment and the analysis of business impacts. This helps one get a better understanding of the threat actors while assuring that there is a clear alignment between threat models as well as the business goals.


It was initially designed as an approach to carry out security audits, the free-of-cost Trike has since established an extensive market as a threat modeling tool for companies that want to integrate threat modeling with risks management as well as risk assessment. Alongside the definition and mapping of the existing security systems as well as threat surface, Trike requires that a company determine its risk tolerance prior to applying.


VAST (Visual simple, agile, Threat modeling) was first developed in order to overcome the limitations of other methods for modeling threat. Based on the concept that different parts of an organization face different security concerns, VAST has the ability to analyze security threats both from an application and operational view. It was also created to aid in rapid development, scaling, and automation.


Another framework that is old-fashioned, Operationally Critical Threat, Asset and Vulnerability Assessment (OCTAVE) was created with cybersecurity with a cybersecurity perspective in mind. It’s focused on operational and organizational risks and is designed to cut down on the need for documentation, improve the definition of assets and better integrate threats into an organization’s overall security plan. It’s a good choice for any business that is looking to improve risk awareness but it’s not scalable very well.


Based on observations from the real world, MITRE ATT&CK is as an information source as it is a threat model. Alongside the threat model, ATT&CK also provides frameworks for penetration testing, cybersecurity as well as defense-related development. In terms of threat modelling viewpoint, ATT&CK is, as you would expect from its name, primarily focused on the lifecycle of a cyberattack.

This model for lifecycles consists of 14 core stages that define various mitigation efforts for each of them:

Reconnaissance The threat actor is collecting data about your systems, while looking for vulnerabilities.
Development of resources The threat actor is collecting the information they require to exploit a weakness or vulnerability.
Initial access The threat actor will make an initial attempt to establish an advantage within your system.
Execution: When access is secured the threat actor starts using malicious software on the compromised system.
Persistence: While the threat actor keeps infiltrating your network and system and systems, they start to think about ways they could evade efforts find the threat and help stop it.
Privilege escalation. The threat attacker has gained access to higher levels of permissions inside this compromised computer system which allows them to possibly cause more harm.
Security escape A threat-maker expands their reach by deactivating or compromising security systems.
Credential access: The risk person steals account credentials and makes use of them to enhance their access to the system.
Discovery The threat actor takes a look beyond the first system they had targeted and starts seeking access points in the larger network.
Movement laterally: the risk actor makes moves across compromised accounts and systems.
Command and Control The threat actor increases their influence over compromised systems, controlling key processes according to their own preferences. appropriate.
Collection: The threat actor starts preparations for data theft or exfiltration.
Exfiltration The goal of the attacker is to steal data This is the point in which they are able to achieve their goal.
Impact: The target organization must clean up the damage done from the attacker which is no longer on the radar.

What is the reason why Threat Modeling Benefitful?

You can’t patch a vulnerability that you aren’t aware of or protect yourself from an attack that you don’t even know is approaching. In a nutshell these are the problems that threat modeling tackles. It provides your security team with a standard method to both strengthen your existing structures and evaluating the impact of the latest additions to your technology environment.

In addition to visibility, regularly reviewing your systems, processes, and even your software is beneficial due to a variety of reasons.

It can help you recognize and fix errors that are preventable that could be caused by security flaws, software bugs, non-patched vulnerabilities and configuration errors.
It minimizes risk by reducing or minimizing the weaknesses of an attack’s surface.
It helps to gain a better understanding of hardware and software systems, especially from a risk-based perspective.
It helps with more efficient risk prioritization and informs everything from purchasing decisions to mitigation strategies.
It allows validation and testing of security systems and controls that are in place.
If you use the right tools, it will allow your company to be more responsive to the constantly changing threats, ensuring that you are able to keep up with traditional risk management strategies that may get behind.
It is able to identify and eliminate bottlenecks, isolated point of failure, as well as inadequate policies and controls.
It provides you with an knowledge of the cyber kill chain, and the particular defensive steps you can employ at each step of the chain.
It gives you the standard method of quantifying and evaluating the efficacy of your current cybersecurity plan.
It gives you operational visibility that may otherwise be obliterated.
It helps improve overall design/development and quality control.
It helps improve collaboration, bringing the message that cyber resilience and cybersecurity is the collective responsibility of all.